The Great Route
the Mayan Pyramids
When we think of Mexico, the first thing that comes to mind is the pyramids and the different cultures in that beautiful and large country.
Here was where the Mesoamerican culture settled its largest population centre, making it the cradle of the Mayan Empire and one of the countries that has the largest number of ruins, excavations and archaeological sites.
Here is where the most important Mayan pyramids are found, such as the pyramid (or temple) of Kukulkan ("Feathered Serpent"), built in the 12th century, and is a demonstration of the knowledge of Mayan culture about geometry, mathematics , astronomy and acoustics.
The Mayan civilization built numerous religious centers and cities, which grew to become incredible cities like the ones we will visit on our Great Route of the Pyramids to learn more about the Mayan culture, its landscapes, its customs and its incredible ceremonial centers.
It has a peculiar and great architecture, but more than anything, it has a great history and its beauty increases thanks to the natural environment in which they find themselves and which make it an adventurous destination.
Inhabitants of Palenque
For example a tradition says that Uxmal is an "invisible city" and was built in one night by the magic of the dwarf king.
In the 10th century, the Tutul Xiú ethnic group (Nahua origin) introduced the cult of Tláloc and Quetzalcóatl, and the rain god Chaac was already present before the coming of the Nahuas.
Goal in Ballcourt in Uxmal
Ballcourt in Becan
The ball game courts do not abound in the Puuc region. But this game was very common in the cultures of Mesoamerica and had a religious sports sense that made it a whole mystical ceremony.
Its meaning is related to the movement of the stars and the fight of light against darkness.
In the Mayan culture, the meaning of the games changed, coming to mean the game of life and death. According to his beliefs of the dualistic religion with the god Chaac representing fertility and the god Ah Puch as an icon of death.
The political and economic control was ruled by an elite since society recognized them as intermediaries between men and the gods, getting this elite to have control of all activities.
Another example, a place not well known, is Sayil, which had its peak in the year ca. 900, when it reached an area of 5 km² and about 10,000 inhabitants.
Some 220 structures have been explored and there is testimony that phallic worship was related to rain rituals, since they considered rain as a representation of the divine semen that fertilized the earth that in turn symbolized the feminine.
From the top of the pyramid of Calakmul you can see the largest rainforest in Mexico in all its splendour. With a height of 55mts (one of the highest Mayan pyramids) it was for the ruler or “Ahaw” to communicate with the superior beings representing the union between the deities and the lineage that ruled at that time, while the tunnels represented the descent to "Xibalba" also connecting with the beyond, also serving as a funeral complex where "Claw of Fire" (Yuknoom Yich'Aak K'ak ', a great ruler of this period of Mayan splendor) was buried. There have been found nine burial chambers.
It is said that this city was inhabited 1500 years, having its maximum splendor from 600 to 900 A.D.
It is estimated that Calakmul had a population of 50,000 people and sometimes ruled over places as far away as 150 kilometers and was the seat of what has been called the Serpent Kingdom or the Kingdom of Kaan, which reigned for most of it´s period.
This city maintained an intense rivalry with Tikal (now in Guatemala) and there was always a struggle between these two Mayan superpowers.
The monuments of Tikal and those of its allies place great emphasis on single male rulers, while the monuments of Calakmul and its allies give greater importance to the feminine line and, often, to the joint government of the king and queen.
The Biosphere of Calakmul is the largest rainforest reserve in Mexico with 7230 mts², being the second largest lung in America, after the Amazon.
We could take a long time to talk about all the details about this culture and the pyramids, but there is nothing better than seeing it and living it directly. When something is read, a short time later it is forgotten. But when one lives it, the memory of the experience lasts much longer or forever, especially when surrounded by adventure.
We will visit the archaeological sites (pyramids or ancient ceremonial centers) of Tulum, Coba, Palenque, Calakmul, Becan, Chicanna, Hormiguero, Xpujil, Uxmal, Sayil, Labna, Edzna and of course, Chichen Itza. There we will learn much more about what happened there, or rather, what archaeologists and historians tell us, because nobody really saw it personally. But you can feel the energy of the places and believe what is told or make your own version of the facts.
During the whole trip we can also enjoy the great jungle and its inhabitants.
We will not miss visiting cenotes and naturally, we cannot go to the Caribbean and not relax on its beaches.
So we will also enjoy the beaches of Maroma, Tulum and Cancun.
Services of the travel:
14 nights in a double or single room.
All local transfers (airport, day excursions, ...)
Starts: - In Cancun
Ends: - In Cancun
Max. 8 participants: It´s worthy to book early
Price: from € 1875 P.P. in a double room, plus costs of flight to Mexico, and food and beverages.
Video about the travel:
Videos with another travels in Mexico:
Mexico DF and the pyramids of Teotihuacan
Huautla de Jimenez and Seminar in Villahermosa
Archeological site of Palenque and Blue Waters
Archaelogical areas of Calakmul, Becan, Xpujil,
Chicanna and Hormiguero
Archaelogical areas of Uxmal, Edzna, Kabah, Labna,
Sayil and Xlapak. Grotto of Loltun
Archaelogical sites of Chichen Itza & Ek Balam.
Merida & Valladolid
Archaelogical sites of Coba, Tulum & Muyil
Caribbean beaches of Tulum, Maroma, Akumal,
del Carmen & Cancun